From "new coronavirus is afraid of heat, drink more hot water", "Chinese medicine has preventive effect", "eat more natto, drink more yogurt can improve immunity", to "the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare began to solve the problem of insufficient masks. Production of masks with the Japanese flag logo", prevention remedies without scientific basis and fake news, etc., all kinds of information such as these are flooding the entire Internet and SNS. As the epidemic has expanded, rumors have also spread overseas. How to strengthen accurate information transmission, how to judge the credibility of information, it is time to test everyone's ability to distinguish. Professor Kazuhiro Nakayama pointed out that, especially in Japan, "before the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, many people said that Japan does not have an institution comparable to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and there are not enough public institutions to convey simple and easy-to-understand information to citizens. health information, so it is difficult to obtain accurate medical information.” He said that after Japan announced its first confirmed case on January 16, there were some problems with the direction of media releases. "The Ministry of Health,
Labour and Welfare has tweeted at an early stage information that is actionable on a daily basis, such as frequent handwashing can effectively prevent infection. This is worthy of recognition. But the media has spent a lot of energy on reporting Increased number of confirmed cases and deaths. Information is used to inform people's decision-making. Risk information comes out. If we can deal with it, we can reduce the risk, but if we can't deal with it, then the risk information will only increase the mental burden. Similarly, if you have to tell the public that toilet paper has been Pricing looted in many places, it is tantamount to inciting consumers to "hurry up and buy it". I don't think they understand what "risk communication" is. Since it is clear that someone has been cured and discharged from the new coronary pneumonia, in addition to the number of confirmed cases and the number of deaths, we should also simultaneously publish the number of cured people. It is very important to report the information comprehensively and impartially. In addition, when reporting the news of the new coronary pneumonia Terminology must also be avoided as much as possible,
and simple and understandable language must be used.” The main points of evaluating information are "people, comparison, source, purpose, time" In order not to be influenced by biased information and rumors, and to be able to think, judge and act independently, we need to consciously improve our "health literacy" from normal times. Health literacy refers to how a person obtains, understands, evaluates various health-related information, and makes decisions based on this information. Is the health literacy of Japanese people higher or lower than foreigners? Professor Zhongshan used the health literacy standard developed in Europe in 2014 for ordinary people to conduct a comparative survey with Japan. The survey is based on "health care (scenarios such as use of medical resources when you are sick or with symptoms)", "disease prevention (vaccination, physical examination, disease prevention behavior, etc.)", "health enhancement (evaluation of living environment, participation in health and fitness activities, etc.)" )” three areas to evaluate the four abilities of “acquiring”, “understanding”, “evaluating” and “using” health information. Using 47 questions, Professor Zhongshan conducted a survey on 1,054 Japanese people aged 20-69, and then compared the survey results with the results of eight European countries including Germany, the Netherlands, and Spain.